Diabetes is a condition where too much sugar is collecting in the bloodstream. This can lead to symptoms of excessive thirst, urination and fatigue. Long-term damage from a high sugar level includes damaged blood vessels and nerves.
People at risk for the most common kind of diabetes (Type 2 or adult onset) include those who are overweight, age 40 or higher, sedentary and have a family history of diabetes or a personal history of gestational diabetes.
Pre-diabetes is a warning sign. Normal fasting sugar level is 70-99 mg/dl. A fasting level of 100-125 mg/dl is considered pre-diabetes and 126 mg/dl and higher is considered diabetic.
If you are at risk for diabetes or have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes, lifestyle changes can make a difference in preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes.
- Focus on getting exercise for 30 minutes 5 days per week
- Try to lose 7% of your body weight
- Make some food changes: avoid sweet beverages, limit sweets, use more whole grains and include more vegetables in your diet.