The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the human body and is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the knee joint move.
When any of these structures is hurt or damaged, they cause knee problems, which results in pain and difficulty walking. Knee problems are very common, and can occur in people of all ages. Knee problems can have a big impact on your life. It may start suddenly, often after an injury or exercise. Knee pain may also began as a mild discomfort, then slowly worsen.
Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Knee replacement is surgery for people with severe knee damage and can relieve pain and allow you to be more active. Knee replacement surgery is commonly used to help relieve severe arthritis pain. Your orthopedic surgeon may recommend knee replacement surgery if you have knee pain and medicine and other treatments are not helping you anymore.
When you have a total knee replacement, your surgeon removes the damaged cartilage and bone from your knee joint and replaces them with a man-made surface of metal and plastic.
ACL Reconstruction Surgery
ACL reconstruction surgery rebuilds the ligament in the center of your knee. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) keeps your shin bone (tibia) in place. A tear of this ligament can cause your knee to give way during physical activity.
In order to stabilize your knee, your doctor will need to reconstruct your ACL. An ACL reconstruction may be used to help with knee pain, an unstable knee or the inability to play sports or other activities.
During ACL reconstruction, your surgeon will perform an autograft (tissue taken from your own body) or an allograft (tissue taken from a donor) to collect tissue that can be used to repair and rebuild the ligament in your knee. Your surgeon will make other small cuts around your knee in order to attach the new ligament to the bone with screws or other devices to hold it in place.